Causes Of Bipolar Disorder

2013 Bipolar Update

As with many conditions and diseases, doctors and scientists have not yet found the causes of bipolar disorder. Simply stated, bipolar disorder is a mental disorder explained by episodes of mania and depression . The medical community has been relatively accurate in defining this condition and has even had some outstanding results with treating it, but they have yet to discover what the exact reasons are for someone developing bipolar disorder.

There are many theories within the medical community as to the causes of bipolar disorder. Biochemical, genetic, and environmental factors are possibly the three most published and accepted theories at present.

While Doctors and scientists don't know the exact reasons behind a bipolar condition, they have developed the afore mentioned theories and have provided support for their standing. In regards to the biochemical component theory, it is believed this condition, is caused by imbalances in certain brain chemicals called neurotransmitters. By definition, neurotransmitters are the chemicals located and released in the brain that connect an impulse from one nerve cell to the other. If the neurotransmitters are not in balance, the brain's mood-regulating system will not work the way it should causing dramatic mood swings, bipolar disposition. This, of course, dramatically affects the life of the person suffering from this disorder. The affect is negative and unpleasant and reaches into every aspect of the person’s life, affecting friends, family, and career.

One of the causes of bipolar disorder could also possibly be explained with genetics; there could be a particular gene involved in this disorder. This is not to say that if you have a close relative that suffers from bipolar disorder you are destined to inherit the condition. Instead, it means that you have a higher risk of developing bipolar disorder if a close relative has this condition. It has a tendency to “run in families” but contrary to that statement are case histories of one identical twin being bipolar and the other not even though they were raised in the same household.

Finally, there is evidence that environmental factors such as stress, could possibly play a significant role in causing bipolar disorder. Stress, as with many other situations, can be linked to the increased likelihood of someone, especially a teen, developing this disorder. There is much potential for anxiety and tension in the contemporary life of a teen. Things such as, parents divorcing, someone in the family dying, struggles in school, peer pressures, or low self esteem could cause the trauma that would bring about the initial episode of either mania or depression. Sometimes, going through the physical and emotional stages of puberty can cause an occurrence. For whatever reason, the stress and pressure encountered during the teen years are held in suspicion for the cause of bipolar disorder.

Whatever the causes of bipolar disorder, the manifestation is the same. It is a condition that can torment the patient and his or her family with mood swings and inconsistencies. It is difficult to prepare for the sometimes abrupt changes in moods and there is, as of yet, no known cure for it. However, there is one positive when it comes to being bipolar. A person with a bipolar disorder can live a “normal” life with medication and counseling.

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