Characteristics Of Bipolar Disorder

2013 Bipolar Update

There are many signs and characteristics of bipolar disorder. These signs are very important because they are what tell medical professionals which type of bipolar disorder an individual has so that they can treat them more efficiently.

There are a number of different types of bipolar disorders, the most familiar ones being bipolar I and bipolar II. There is also a mild form of the illness called cyclothymia. Below is a definition and brief discussion of each.

Bipolar I – The signs bipolar disorder I are the easiest to identify. The bipolar I individual exhibits the most extreme symptoms and characteristics of bipolar disorder.

To be classed in the bipolar I category a patient must display psychotic symptoms of paranoia as well a hallucinations. This is of course accompanied by extreme highs and lows of mania and depression, which are the two main symptoms of any bipolar disorder.

When a bipolar I individual is having a manic episode they will have a number of symptoms. These will include the following:

1 - Hyper Energetic – This includes going for hours with no need for sleep.

2 - Fast Verbalization – The individual talks very fast and changes the topic very often for no reason.

3 – Grandiose Feeling – The patient feels they can accomplish anything regardless of how unreasonable it is.

4 – Risky Behavior – The individual does things they may not ordinarily do. There is very ofter drug or alcohol abuse as well as reckless and unprotected sexual relations.

5 – Hallucinations – Some patients have hallucinations which makes it apparent to those around them they need immediate hospitalization.

When in their depression phase of their illness everything is just the opposite of the manic phase. The patient wants to sleep constantly but when they are awake they feel their life is in shambles and there is nothing they can do about it. There can be thought of suicide during this stage. The characteristics of bipolar disorder in a bipolar I individual is such they need immediate attention to protect themselves and perhaps those around them. Once they are given a regiment of medication for their condition they will probably be released. However, they must continue to take their medication.

Bipolar II – The signs, symptoms and characteristics of bipolar disorder in the bipolar II individual are much less extreme. They still have the highs and lows of mania and depression but they are not as severe. The main thing that separates them from the bipolar I is they do not have as show the prominent feeling of paranoia and they do not have hallucinations.

Although the bipolar II individual needs treatment, it can usually be done without hospitalization. The condition can be controlled with mood medication and anti depressant drugs if the patient will only take their medication as directed.

Cyclothymia – Cyclothymia is a mild form of bipolar disorder than can easily be treated with medication. However, it is important that these individuals do get medical attention as their condition could deterioate into bipolar I or II.The symptoms of cyclothymia are the same as bipolar II but even less severe. They have their high and low periods but they are much shorter and much less frequent.

Unfortunately there is no current cure for the characteristics of bipolar disorder. However, all phases of this illness can be treated and controlled as long as the patient continues of their medication. Most problems that occur with bipolar patients are when they stop their drugs as prescribed by their physician.

If you would like more information on the subject of bipolar disorders our website has a large number of articles that may be of interest.